60 million Nigerians are at risk of depression – new national depression report
Lagos, Nigeria – October 9, 2018
60 million Nigerians have been estimated to be at risk of suffering from depression according to a groundbreaking national report on depression.
The Nigeria National Depression report, produced by Joy, Inc., the benefit corporation building happier and flourishing Africans, in partnership with NOIPolls, the number one for country-specific public opinion polling and research organization in West Africa and their research partners at Yale was released today ahead of the World Mental Health Day 2018.
According to the World Health Organization, depression is the leading cause of disability in the world; the number of people suffering from depression and/or anxiety disorders have increased by almost 50 per cent, from 416 million in 1990 to 615 million in 2013, with chances of an annual increase.
Mental and emotional health are the single biggest predictors of individual happiness. However, 3 in every 10 Nigerians reportedly experience depressive symptoms, according to the National Depression Report.
“What is striking from the early data is the high number of participants who have previously experienced exposure to traumatic events and the high number of depression symptoms reported by participants” remarked Joy Kaufman, an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Yale University School of Medicine.
The report, which is the first nationwide study of happiness and depression, contains result from the nation-wide happiness and depression survey conducted across all the 36 states in Nigeria including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), internal surveys from The Joy Congress and up-to-date data on the state of the depression crisis in Nigeria. The survey equally focused on gauging public perception of Nigerians regarding their happiness and experiences with some factors that may affect their state of happiness and depression. The national poll also assessed the perception of Nigerians on how they feel about their lives five years ago, currently and five years from now.
All interviews for the national happiness and depression survey were conducted by telephone, in five major Nigerian languages: English, Pidgin English, Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo. All the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory were surveyed, with at least 1000 interviews. Survey state quotas were assigned and it was ensured that every state was proportionately represented in the sample.
“Joy, Inc. aims to provide coping tools and mechanisms and draw our attention as a citizenry to the state of our mental and emotional well-being. This report is a product of our surveys as we seek to better understand the needs of the population we serve”, one of the authors of the report and member of the Central Working Group, Glory Apantaku explained. “Our results serve as an important reminder of the urgency of this work, mental health issues are real and it’s high time we pay attention”, she said.
While commenting on the quality of research, Joy Kaufman, who is also the Director of Evaluation Research at the Yale Consultation Center added, “as a university professor who evaluates community-based programs, I find Joy, Inc.’s commitment to collecting data regarding depression and happiness from young people in Nigeria to be commendable. In addition, Joy, Inc. is evaluating The [Joy] Masterclasses in other to assess participant’s satisfaction with the classes, life stressors, changes in key outcomes such as depression and happiness and the aspects of the Masterclasses participants choose to continue to utilize. I look forward to my continued involvement with the Joy, Inc. team as we utilize the data to understand the impact of the masterclasses and use the data to continue to enhance the programs.”
Other highlights of the report include:
- Most Nigerians surveyed defined happiness as having the basic needs of life. The second largest group of respondents defined happiness as having peace of mind.
- Several Nigerians believed that they are averagely satisfied (4.99) with their life as a whole these days, and are hopeful that they will be better satisfied in life five years from now. Most Nigerians also felt they were better five years ago (standing at 6.41) than they are currently.
- 31.6% of polled respondent reported experiencing depressive symptoms. Putting this in perspective, 3 out of every 10 Nigerians are at risk of depression.
- 27.8% of respondents reported experiencing symptoms of anxiety
- While both physical and mental health are important for a flourishing life, mental illness explains more of the misery in the society more than physical illness, poverty or unemployment.
- Nigeria need to be proactive in taking mental and emotional health seriously by reviewing the national mental health policy and creating a viable legislative framework to meet global standards, investing in public education to influence the culture to one that promote resilience and create safe spaces for emotional and mental healing, and investing in research, innovation and development.
The report also recommended new metrics for measuring human progress should move from the use of financial values like GDP and focus on happiness and flourishing of citizens.
“Human misery is real, the goal of every intervention should be to reduce misery while increasing the happiness of people. Investing in citizen’s happiness and well-being should not be a luxury, but a necessity. Only when people are sustainably happy can they truly flourish, innovate and make the world a better place”, said Damola Morenikeji, a research associate at Joy, Inc. and one of the authors of the report. “The collective roles of governments, businesses, and other stakeholders have to transcend from creating an environment purely for wealth creation, to creating environments that facilitate the genuine well-being and flourishing of people” he added.
The National Depression report can be downloaded at report.joyinc.xyz.
Damola Morenikeji, Research Associate; damola[at]joyinc[dot]xyz